Бьюик сенчури buick century

Third generation (1973–1977)

Third generation

1973 Century Gran Sport

Overview
Model years 1973–1977
Assembly Flint, Michigan, United StatesFramingham, Massachusetts, United StatesLakewood Heights, Georgia, United States
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size car
Body style 2-door coupe4-door sedan4-door station wagon
Layout FR layout
Platform A-body
Related Buick RegalOldsmobile CutlassPontiac Grand AmPontiac Grand PrixPontiac LeMansChevrolet El CaminoChevrolet ChevelleChevrolet Monte CarloGMC Sprint
Powertrain
Engine 231 cu in (3.8 L) V6350 cu in (5.7 L) V8455 cu in (7.5 L) V8403 cu in (6.6 L) V8
Transmission 3-speed manual4-speed manual3-speed automatic

The Buick Century nameplate was revived for the 1973 model year on the rear-wheel drive intermediate A-body platform, which was redesigned for this year. The name replaced Skylark for Buick’s mid-sized cars. The Century Regal coupe was added at the top of the model range, and later became a separate series, dropping the Century name. It was available with two- and four-barrel versions of the , putting out 150 and 175 hp (112 and 130 kW), respectively. The 225 hp (168 kW) was also an option. The base Century and Century 350 coupes had a fastback roof with large rear quarter glass, while the Century Luxus featured a more formal notchback roofline with narrow opera windows.

By replacing the Skylark, the Century inherited the Gran Sport performance option. The package was available with any engine and included upgraded suspension, additional instrumentation, and unique appearance treatment. Dual exhaust increased output of the four-barrel 350 to 190 hp (140 kW). While the Stage I 455 was somewhat diminished from its performance heyday due to emission controls, output was competitive for the era at 270 hp (201 kW) and 390 lb⋅ft (529 N⋅m). A Saginaw three-speed manual was standard with either 350 engine. A Muncie M-21 four-speed was available with either 350 or with the regular 455, while the Stage I required a Turbo-Hydramatic 400.

1973 Buick Century Gran Sport

For 1975, the Luxus was renamed Century Custom. The new 110 hp (82 kW) V6 was installed as standard equipment along with a three-speed manual transmission on coupes and sedans, and the big-block was no longer available. The four-barrel 350 V8 became standard on station wagons. A new landau top became available for fastback coupes that partially covered the rear quarter glass, giving an appearance similar to the formal-roof Century Custom. A Century Special coupe was added to the lineup, using the fastback roofline. The Special was marketed as an economy variant of the Century and was only available with the V6 engine.

In 1976, the US government legalized rectangular headlights (long commonplace in Europe), and Buick promptly added them to the Century, positioned side-by-side on coupes and stacked vertically on sedans. Sedans received a taller, more-formal grille, while coupes got an angled, body-colored front end along with new bodyside sheetmetal that lacked the traditional «sweepspear». The Gran Sport option was discontinued.

In 1977, the V6 engine was revised to be , and a 403 cu in (6.6 L) V8 was added as an option for station wagons.

1975 Buick Century «Free Spirit» Indy 500 pace car replica

Buick Centuries were used in the 1975 and 1976 Indianapolis Motor Speedway as pace cars. Buick introduced a 1975 Buick Century «Free Spirit» edition replica based on the Indy Pace Car for the public with patriotic graphic decals and the Buick Hawk on the hood. This 1975 vehicle had a transmission shifter on the floor with bucket seats and «Hurst Hatch» T-tops installed. The white exterior and blue/white interior was based on the 1975 two-door sheet metal. The engine was a 350 V8, as opposed to the 455 V8 used on the actual Indy 500 Pace Car. Alternatively, in 1976, Buick introduced the «Free Spirit» edition of the Indy Pace Car; it was downsized to the 1976 Special facelift sheet metal with a 231 V6. The original Indy Pace Car had the turbocharged 231 V6. The replica featured a rakish silver, black, and red paint job with black interior. The vehicle had positive-traction differential.

First generation (1936–1942)

First generation

1937 Century

Overview
Model years 1936–1942
Assembly Buick City, Flint, MichiganSouth Gate Assembly, South Gate, California
Body and chassis
Class Full-size car
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout FR layout
Platform B-body
Related Cadillac Series 60Cadillac Series 61LaSalle Series 50Buick SpecialOldsmobile Series LOldsmobile Series 70Pontiac Streamliner TorpedoPontiac Streamliner
Powertrain
Engine 320 cu in Fireball I8

Buick renamed its entire model lineup for the 1936 model year to celebrate the engineering improvements and design advancements over their 1935 models, introducing a «streamlined» appearance. Buick’s Series 40 model range became the Special, the Series 80 became the Roadmaster, and the Series 90, Buick’s largest and most luxurious vehicles, became the Limited. The Century took the place of the Series 60.

The basic formula for the 1936 to 1942 Century was established by mating the shorter behind-the-engine cowl Special bodies to the Roadmaster’s larger straight-eight engine (and consequently longer engine compartment). (In contrast, the 1940 Series 50 Super combined the larger Roadmaster body with the smaller Special engine.) While the Special was powered by Buick’s 233 cu in inline-8, rated 93 hp (69 kW) at 3200 rpm, Centurys produced between 1936 and 1942 were powered by the 320-cubic-inch producing 141 hp (105 kW), making them the fastest Buicks of the era and capable of sustained speeds of 100 mph (161 km/h), hence the name Century (100), earning the Century the nickname «the banker’s hot rod.»

The Century was discontinued at the end of the abbreviated 1942 model year, during which total model production only accounted for about 10% of Buick’s total output.

Buick, a marque of General Motors, automobile timeline, United States market, 1940s–1970s — next »

Type 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s
6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Subcompact Opel
Skyhawk
Compact Apollo
Skylark Skylark
Mid-size Special Special Century Century
Skylark Skylark Regal Regal
Full-size Special Special Special Special LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre
Century Century Invicta Invicta Wildcat Centurion
Super Super Super Super
Roadmaster Roadmaster Roadmaster Roadmaster Electra Electra Electra Electra Electra
Full-size station wagon Estate Estate Estate
Personal Skylark Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera

« previous — Buick, a brand of General Motors, automobile timeline, United States market, 1980s–present

Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 2020s
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1
Subcompact
Compact
Somerset
Convertible
Mid-size
Full-size Lucerne
Full-size station wagon
Personal
Subcompact crossover Encore
Encore GX
Compact crossover
Mid-size crossover Rendezvous Enclave
Full-size crossover Enclave
SUV Rainier
Minivan Terraza
Sports Reatta

Buick, a marque of General Motors, automobile timeline, Chinese market, 1999–present

Type 1990s 2000s 2010s 2020s
9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Supermini Sail
Compact Excelle Excelle
Excelle GT Excelle GT/GX
Excelle HRV Excelle XT
Verano
Velite 5 Velite 6
Mid-size Regal Regal
LaCrosse
Full-size Royaum Park Avenue
LaCrosse LaCrosse
SUV Encore Encore
Encore GX
Envision
Enclave
Minivan GL6
GL8 GL8 GL8

Fourth generation (1978–1981)

Fourth generation
Overview
Model years 1978–1981
Assembly Framingham, Massachusetts, United StatesLakewood Heights, Georgia, United States
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size car
Body style 2-door coupe4-door sedan4-door station wagon
Layout FR layout
Platform A-body
Related Buick RegalOldsmobile CutlassPontiac Grand AmPontiac Grand PrixPontiac LemansChevrolet El CaminoChevrolet MalibuChevrolet Monte CarloGMC Caballero
Powertrain
Engine 196 cu in (3.2 L) V6231 cu in (3.8 L) V6265 cu in (4.3 L) V8301 cu in (4.9 L) V8350 cu in (5.7 L) diesel V8
Transmission 3-speed THM200, 250, 350 automatic3-speed manual4-speed Saginaw manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 108.1 in (2,746 mm)
Length 196 in (4,978 mm)
Curb weight 3130-3425 lb

GM downsized its intermediate line, reducing wheelbase by 4″ and curb weight by nearly half a ton. The Century name was now applied to the entire range except for the coupe, which retained the Regal name. The Century was initially offered as an «aeroback» fastback two-door coupe and a fastback four-door sedan along with a station wagon model (sharing bodies with the ). The car was over a foot shorter, several inches narrower, and several hundred pounds lighter than its predecessor. V6 engines were still standard due to fuel economy regulations. Big-block engines were gone and the new base powerplant was Buick’s new 196 cu in (3.2 L) V6, introduced specifically for the Century and Regal. The 231 cu in (3.8 L) V6, and the V8 were options. The Pontiac 265 cu in (4.3 L) and 301 cu in (4.9 L) replaced the Chevrolet engine for 1979.

1980 Buick Century four-door sedan, rear view

1980 Buick Century Estate Wagon

One of the more rare models of this time was the 1979 to 1980 Century Turbo Coupe, powered by a turbocharged version of the 3.8 L V6, which offered V8-like performance with more reasonable fuel consumption and reduced emissions. The Turbo Coupe was not nearly as popular as the similar Regal Turbo Sport Coupe of the time, and total production is estimated to be less than 2,500.

The two fastback models (along with the Oldsmobile Cutlass Salon) proved unpopular. For 1980, the fastback four-door sedan was dropped in favor of a conventional notchback four-door sedan. After 1980, the Century fastback coupe was discontinued. With the introduction of the new front-wheel drive Century in 1982, the existing notchback sedan and wagon models were transferred to the Regal line.

Sixth generation (1997–2005)

Sixth generation
Overview
Production 1996 – October 25, 2004
Model years 1997–2005
Assembly
  • Canada: Oshawa, Ontario, GM Canada
  • China: Shanghai, Shanghai GM
Designer Wayne Cherry (chief: 1993) Wayne Kady (1993)
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size car
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform W-body 2nd Gen
Related
  • Oldsmobile Intrigue
Powertrain
Engine China2.0 L I42.5 L V63.0 L V6North America3.1 L V63.1 L V6
Transmission 5 speed manual (2.0 L only)4-speed automatic4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 109.0 in (2,769 mm)
Length 194.6 in (4,943 mm)
Width 72.7 in (1,847 mm)
Height 56.6 in (1,438 mm)

2000 Buick Century Limited

Buick «New Century» (China)

Rear View of the Buick Century.

The Century was redesigned for the last time in December 1996. The four-door sedan was the only body style offered (the station wagon was dropped due to decreasing sales), and was still a front-wheel drive, V6-powered configuration. Plainer «Custom» and fancier «Limited» trim levels were carried over from the previous generation. The redesign moved Centurys to the W-body platform, rejoining its former Regal sibling. In this generation, the Century and Regal were nearly the same car, distinguished only by seating configurations, trim and engine differences. Since the Century was lower-priced than the Regal, it was also the lower-powered and plainer of the two, offering only a 3.1 L V6. In keeping with its traditional image, the six-passenger Century came equipped with a front bench seat and column shifter, while the more performance-oriented five-passenger Regal came standard with front bucket seats and console shifter.

After the 1998 discontinuation of the Skylark, the Century became Buick’s entry-level car for the first time. For 2003, all trim levels were eliminated, leaving one standard model. Additionally, the «Century» nameplate on the front doors was dropped, and only seen on the vehicle’s tail lights.

Changes were relatively few over the Century’s nine-year run. The all-new Buick LaCrosse replaced both the Century and Regal. A limited run of Centurys with special trim were produced for 2005 to mark the end of the name. GM rolled the last Buick Century off the Oshawa assembly line on October 25, 2004.

The Buick Century was produced in China as the New Century from 1998 to 2000, and ran on the 3.0 liter V6 engine which was also used in the first-generation Buick GL8. A four cylinder model was also available paired to a 5 speed manual gearbox. The Century was replaced by the Buick Regal due to poor sales.

Engines

  • 1997–1999 3.1 L (191 cu in) V6 160 hp (119 kW), 185 lb⋅ft (251 N⋅m)
  • 2000–2005 LG8 3.1 L (191 cu in) V6 175 hp (130 kW), 195 lb⋅ft (264 N⋅m)

Second generation (1954–1958)

Second generation

1955 Century Riviera

Overview
Model years 1954–1958
Body and chassis
Class Full-size car
Body style 4-door sedan2-door coupe2-door convertible4-door hardtop station wagon
Layout FR layout
Platform B-body
Powertrain
Engine 322 cu in V8364 cu in V8
Dimensions
Wheelbase 122″
Length 206.3 in (1954)206.7 in (1955)205.1 in (1956)208.4 in (1957)211.8 in (1958)
Width 76 in (1954–55)
Height 60.5 in (1954)59.8 in (1956)
Chronology
Successor Buick Invicta

Buick reintroduced the Century using the same formula of mating the smaller, lighter Buick Special body to its largest and most powerful 322 cubic inch V8 engine, with the intent of giving Buick a performance vehicle. Included in the model lineup during this period was a station wagon model, a body style that had been unavailable during the Century’s first production period of 1936 to 1942.

Introduced in the middle of the 1955 model year, the four-door Buick Century Riviera along with the four-door Special Riviera, the four-door Oldsmobile 98 Holiday, and four-door 88 Holiday, were the first four-door hardtops ever produced. For the first time the Century wore four «» on the front fenders, just like the larger Buick Roadmaster and Super; making more apparent its status above that of the Special.

In 1955, the California Highway Patrol placed a large fleet order for Century two-door sedans, a body style unavailable to the general public. It combined the Special two-door sedan body shell with Century powertrain and trim. Broderick Crawford was shown driving a two-door Century sedan during the first season of his popular syndicated TV series Highway Patrol. (In later seasons, he drove a four-door Century, like his real-life counterparts in the California Highway Patrol.) Power brakes were optional. Tubeless tires were new.

The Century remained Buick’s performance line, with engine power rising from 200 (SAE gross) in 1954, to 236 in 1955, to 255 in 1956, and topping out at 300 from a bored-out 364 cu in (6.0 L) engine in 1957–58, the last model years for the full-sized Century line.

In 1956, the Century’s base price was $2,963. Power windows were standard in the convertible. A padded safety dash became optional.

Because the Century was considered the senior «small Buick», the model received GM’s only hardtop station wagon, the Century Caballero, from 1957 through 1958. The Caballero proved expensive to manufacture and unpopular with customers (only 14,642 produced for both model years), so GM did not bring it back for 1959.

For 1959, Buick renamed the Century the Invicta.

Series 60 (1930–1935)

1931 Series 60 Sport Coupe

Originally, the Series 60 had a six-cylinder 331.4 cu in (5,431 cc) engine, developing 99 bhp (74 kW) at 2,800 rpm. It had, at the beginning of the generation, a full-length running board denoting the top model for Buick at the time. In 1930, GM built 38,180 cars. The bodystyles available were torpedo, sedan, coupe, and roadster convertible, using GM’s «B-body» platform.

In 1931, the running board was reduced and a new straight-eight 272.6 cu in (4,467 cc) engine and 90 bhp (67 kW). Aesthetically, the Series 60 remained almost unchanged, and the same fact occurred also in the following year. In 1931 and 1932, a total of 55,135 were produced.

In 1933, the length of the body increased. The engine power increased to 97 hp (72 kW). In 1934, the appearance was changed to a more rounded appearance, with a new 278.1 cu in (4,557 cc) eight-cylinder engine and 100 hp. In 1935, the model remained almost unchanged. Total production from 1933 to 1935 was 31,385. In 1936, the model changed its name to «Century».

Ссылки

Автомобили Buick, отделения корпорации General Motors производимые в США в 1940—1970 гг. далее
Класс 1940-е 1950-е 1960-е 1970-е
6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Субкомпактные Skyhawk
Компактные Special Apollo
Skylark Skylark
Среднеразмерные Special Special Century Century
Skylark Skylark Regal Regal
Полноразмерные Special Special Special Special LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre
Century Century Invicta Invicta Wildcat Centurion
Super Super Super Super Wildcat
Roadmaster Roadmaster Roadmaster Roadmaster Electra Electra Electra Electra Electra
Универсалы Estate Estate Estate
Персональные Skylark Limited Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera
ранее Автомобили Buick, отделения корпорации General Motors производимые в США
Класс 1980-е 1990-е 2000-е 2010-е
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Субкомпактные Skyhawk
Компактные Skyhawk
Somerset
Skylark Skylark Skylark Verano
Кабриолеты Cascada
Среднеразмерные Century Century Century Regal
Regal Regal Regal LaCrosse
Полноразмерные LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre Lucerne
Roadmaster
Electra Electra Park Avenue Park Avenue LaCrosse LaCrosse
Универсалы Estate Roadmaster Estate
Персональные Riviera Riviera Riviera
Компактные кроссоверы Encore
Среднеразмерные кроссоверы Rendezvous Envision
Полноразмерные кроссоверы Enclave
Внедорожники Rainier
Микроавтобусы Terraza
Спортивные Reatta
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