« previous — Buick, a brand of General Motors, automobile timeline, United States market, 1980s–present
|Full-size station wagon|
Buick, a marque of General Motors, automobile timeline, Chinese market, 1999–present
|Excelle GT||Excelle GT/GX|
|Excelle HRV||Excelle XT|
|Velite 5||Velite 6|
Second generation (2018–present)
|Model years||2018–present2020–present (China)|
|Assembly||Lansing Delta Township Assembly,Delta Township, Michigan, U.S.Jinqiao, Pudong, Shanghai, China (SAIC-GM)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door SUV|
|Layout||Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive|
|Engine||2.0 L I4 (gasoline) (China)3.6 L V6 (gasoline)|
|Transmission||GM 9-speed 9T65 automatic|
|Wheelbase||120.9 in (3,071 mm)112.7 in (2,863 mm) (China)|
|Length||204.3 in (5,189 mm)196.1 in (4,981 mm) (China)|
|Width||78.8 in (2,002 mm)76.9 in (1,953 mm) (China)|
|Height||69.9 in (1,775 mm)68.2 in (1,732 mm) (China)|
|Curb weight||4,359–4,685 lb (1,977–2,125 kg)4,140–4,520 lb (1,880–2,050 kg) (China)|
The top-of-the-range Enclave Avenir
On April 11, 2017, exactly 10 years after the first Enclave was produced, Buick unveiled the second generation Enclave at the Pier 59 Studios during the 2017 New York Auto Show. With the introduction of the compact Buick Envision in 2016 and the launching of the Opel Insignia-badged Buick Regal TourX wagon, the next generation Enclave moved upmarket, competing with the Volvo XC90, Infiniti QX60, and Acura MDX in the premium crossover SUV market. The second generation Enclave went on sale in the Fall of 2017 as a 2018 model.
The long-wheelbase version of GM’s C1XX chassis sharing the same platform with the Chevrolet Traverse, the second generation Enclave moved away from the egg-shaped design but retains some elements of the previous generation, displaying a sleeker aerodynamic appearance, a lower roofline, and the introduction of the Evonik Acrylite exterior forward lighting flanking Buick’s new three-dimensional mesh grille with chrome wings.
Powered by a 3.6-liter V-6 mated to a new nine-speed automatic transmission, it produces 310 hp (231 kW) with 266 ft⋅lb (361 N⋅m) torque. The second generation Enclave comes in standard Front-drive or available with Intelligent AWD with an active twin-clutch rear differential, which compliments its first switchable all-wheel-drive system. There are three level trims, including a new top of the line premium Avenir sub-brand.
In Early 2020, General Motors initially had plans of launching a face-lifted version of the Buick Enclave in mid to late 2020 as a 2021 model year vehicle. The face-lift will adopt many design elements and features along with new LED headlights and taillights already seen on the Chinese version of the Buick Enclave. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, General Motors delayed launch and production of the face-lifted Enclave to 2021 as 2022 model year vehicle.
Buick Enclave Avenir
On October 22, 2019, Buick unveiled the Chinese-market Enclave. It is a «mid-size plus» version of the Enclave which utilizes GM’s C1 short wheelbase platform. It went on sale in that region in late 2019. While it has the similar features as the full-size North American Enclave, the Chinese version is shorter with a design different from its counterpart; there are no plans to make it available in North America. Buick planned to name the Chinese version «Envoy» (a name previously used on a GMC midsize SUV in North America from 1998 to 2007) but elected to use the Enclave name instead.
The Chinese Enclave features GM’s Electronic Precision Shift technology, and is equipped exclusively with a turbocharged 2.0L LSY engine that makes 233 horsepower, mated to the new GM 9-speed automatic transmission.
Обновление 2013 модельного года
GM объявили об обновлении кроссовера 3 апреля 2012 года, за день до начала Автосалона в Нью-Йорке. Модель 2013 м.г. получила обновлённый экстерьер, включая новую хромированную решётку радиатора, капот, передний бампер, ксеноновые фары, светодиодные ходовые огни и задние фонари. Из изменений интерьера — новая приборная панель, дисплей IntelliLink, более мягкие материалы отделки и штатная навигация. Также была пересмотрена подвеска. С точки зрения безопасности, Buick Enclave 2015-2016 может похвастать наличием центральной подушки между креслами, которую уже получил Ford Explorer Sport..
First generation (2008–2017)
|Production||April 11, 2007–2017|
|Assembly||Lansing Delta Township Assembly,Delta Township, Michigan, U.S.|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door SUV|
|Layout||Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive|
|Platform||GM Lambda platform|
|Engine||3.6 L V6 (275 hp)3.6 L V6 (288 hp)|
|Transmission||6-speed 6T75 automatic|
|Wheelbase||118.9 in (3,020 mm)|
|Length||201.8 in (5,126 mm) (2008–2012) 201.9 in (5,128 mm) (2013–2017)|
|Width||79 in (2,007 mm)|
|Height||72.2 in (1,834 mm) (2008–2009)72.5 in (1,842 mm) (2010–2013) 71.7 in (1,821 mm) (2013–2017)|
|Curb weight||4,780–4,985 lb (2,168–2,261 kg)|
The Enclave has seating for seven passengers, with an optional second row bench seat instead of the standard two captain chairs which increases the seating to eight. It comes standard with front-wheel drive with an option of all-wheel drive.
The Enclave shares powertrains with its Lambda siblings. For its first year of production, the Enclave was powered by a 275 hp (205 kW) 3.6 L V6 engine mated to a six-speed automatic transmission. For the 2009 model, an upgraded power boost for the 3.6 L V6 Spark Ignition Direct Injection VVT is now at 288 hp (215 kW) and 270 lb⋅ft (366 N⋅m) of torque standard (also standard on other 2009 Lambdas). The latter direct-injection engine offers a broader torque curve, and brings fuel economy to 17 mpg‑US (14 L/100 km; 20 mpg‑imp)/24 mpg‑US (9.8 L/100 km; 29 mpg‑imp) for FWD models and 16 mpg‑US (15 L/100 km; 19 mpg‑imp)/22 mpg‑US (11 L/100 km; 26 mpg‑imp) for AWD models, according to the new United States Environmental Protection Agency estimates. The Lambda vehicles are built at GM’s new Delta Township Assembly plant near Lansing, Michigan, and production of the Enclave commenced on April 11, 2007, with the first vehicles reaching certain dealers by the end of the month. The Enclave debuted with a starting price of $32,790.
The Enclave is often praised for its subsequently vast cargo space while maintaining the relatively dynamic nature of unibody construction over the conventional body-on-frame. It is also praised for being one of the quietest vehicles available for sale in the United States, as well as for the quality of the interior.
In its first year of production, the Enclave was often criticized for its 6-speed transmission, which was «hesitant to downshift.» For 2009, though, the powertrain is regarded as more competent with more abundant torque. For its entire production, it has been regarded as too heavy, weighing nearly 5,000 pounds (2,300 kg) with all-wheel-drive. Buick’s have reappeared at the Enclave’s introduction, a styling feature unique to Buick dating back to 1949.
Initial sales of the Enclave have been very strong, with demand far exceeding production capacity, forcing GM to add a third shift to the Delta Township plant.
With the arrival of the Buick Envision (which is slotted between the Enclave and Buick Encore) to North America in 2016 (for the 2017 model year), the Enclave will be bigger after Envision’s debut, and the 2017 model year Enclave will be the last under the first generation platform.
GM unveiled the 2013 Buick Enclave on April 3, 2012, one day before its official debut at the New York Auto Show. The 2013 model features revised exterior styling including a new chrome waterfall grille, xenon headlights with LED running lights, LED Foglights, and LED taillights. Interior updates include a redesigned dashboard with more soft-touch materials, wood and chrome accents, blue ambient lighting, and touchscreen IntelliLink infotainment display. Among safety features are seven standard airbags, including an industry-first front center airbag, and available blind-spot monitoring.
Sales in the United States and Canada began in 2007 during the 2008 model year. In 2008, General Motors began exporting the Enclave to China, to be sold through Shanghai GM’s Buick network.
The Buick brand has been relaunched in Mexico for the 2010 model year, bringing the Enclave to that market.
Interior, Infotainment, and Cargo
The Enclave’s cabin is as roomy inside as you’d expect from a vehicle this size, and Buick has integrated many comfort and convenience features. Altogether, the interior’s design is handsome and practical, but material quality and attention to detail are what holds the Enclave back from being competitive with its luxury-branded rivals. The wood trim looks and feels chintzy, the sunshades for the optional panoramic roof aren’t power operated, and only the passenger-side second-row seat slides forward to allow third-row passengers in and out—a clear cost-cutting move that compromises convenience.
Nestled into the dash between two asymmetrical air vents is the Enclave’s standard 8.0-inch IntelliLink touchscreen infotainment system. The interface is user-friendly and rendered in a lovely arrangement with crisp graphics and an abundance of features. Apple CarPlay and Android Auto are both standard, and users can connect their devices to the internet via an onboard Wi-Fi hotspot powered by a 4G LTE data connection. Navigation with real-time traffic and weather updates is optional, as is a wireless charging pad for smartphones. All three rows of seats have two USB ports for charging devices, too.
If cargo space is your main concern, the Enclave is the best choice in this segment, as it offers the most cubic feet of storage space in each of its configurations. In our testing, it swallowed a whopping 38 carry-on boxes with all of its seats down and provided space for an impressive five carry-ons behind its power-operated third row of seats.
What’s New for 2020?
The Buick Enclave rolls into 2020 with a new, optional Sport Touring package. Available exclusively on the mid-range Essence trim, the new appearance package adds a black mesh front grille, body-color grille surround, and chrome-and-graphite 20-inch wheels. All Enclave models now come with an updated infotainment system with an 8.0-inch display; high-definition backup and 360-degree exterior cameras are also available. Premium and high-end Avenir models offer slightly more in the way of luxury thanks to a massage function for the driver and front-seat passenger; four-way power-adjustable lumbar support is also now standard for those seats. The Avenir receives a subtle facelift in the form of lower body panels that are painted rather than left as black plastic for a sleeker appearance. Champagne Gold metallic, Rich Garnet metallic, and Dark Moon Blue metallic all join the list of available colors.
Engine, Transmission, Performance, and Towing
Under the hood of every Enclave is a 3.6-liter V-6 making 310 horsepower driving either the front or all four wheels via a smooth-shifting nine-speed automatic transmission. It’s not the quickest crossover, but the Enclave is fast enough that there’s never any cause for anxiety when driving around town or merging onto the highway, and the engine goes about its business while leaving the passenger cabin undisturbed. For those who need brawny towing capacity, Buick offers a Trailering package that ups the Enclave’s capacity to 5000 pounds.
A well-damped suspension helps the Enclave hide its mass, but it never feels as athletic as the Audi Q7. Instead, it trades on comfort with a smooth, luxurious ride, gliding over pockmarked asphalt and barely registering harsher impacts. The steering provides an appropriate amount of feedback for a crossover, responds relatively crisply, and is nicely weighted.