Buick skylark 1972

История

Первое поколение (1953—1954)

Skylark первого поколения выпускались преимущественно с кузовом 2-дверный кабриолет. Он относился к классу «personal luxury car» и являлся одной из самых дорогих моделей Buick стоимостью свыше $4000.

Двигатель — V8 объёмом 322 дюйм³ (5,3 л) мощностью 200 л. с. (147,2 кВт) с четырёхкамерным карбюратором и максимальной скоростью 170 км/ч (106 миль/ч). Трансмиссия — автоматическая Dynaflow, либо механическая 3-ступенчатая.

В 1953 году выпущено 1690 машин, а в  — 836.

Второе поколение (1961—1963)

После 1955 года индекс Skylark ненадолго исчезает из линейки Buick и возрождается в 1961 году, но только как комплектация модели Special. Отличия между ними составляли лишь уникальные эмблемы и внешнее оформление.

В следующем, 1962 году, Skylark становится отдельной моделью, которая отныне относится к классу среднеразмерных машин (Mid-size). Выбор кузовов включал в себя 2-дверный кабриолет и 2-дверный хардтоп. Автомобили оснащались двигателем V8 рабочим объёмом 215 дюйм³ (3,5 л).

Третье поколение (1964—1972)

В 1965 году Skylark обретает комплектацию Gran Sport, имевшую V8—двигатель объёмом 401 дюйм³ мощностью 325 л. с. Фактически, она являлась «muscle car» и в дальнейшем стала отдельной моделью.

В дополнение к 2-дверному хардтопу и купе добавились 4-дверный хардтоп, 4-дверный седан и 2-дверный кабриолет.

В 1972 году General Motors пересматривает линейки своих среднеразмерных автомобилей и индекс Skylark в очередной раз упраздняется. Ему на замену приходит модель Century.

Четвёртое поколение (1975—1979)

В 1975 году Skylark вновь возрождается. Отныне он базируется на X-платформе Chevrolet Nova. С этого момента все последующие поколения Skylark относятся к классу компактных автомобилей. Первоначально выпускались кузова купе и 2-дверный хэтчбек, с 1976 года — 4-дверный седан.

Skylark четвёртого поколения также выпускался в Иране под названием Buick Iran.

Купе

Пятое поколение (1980—1985)

В 1980 году Skylark по-прежнему выпускается на X-платформе, но базируется уже на модели Chevrolet Citation. Выбор кузова ограничивался купе и 4-дверным седаном. Без особых изменений он выпускался до 1985 года.

Седьмое поколение (1992—1998)

В 1992 году Skylark подвергается очередному редизайну. Производство купе продолжалось до 1997 года, седанов — до , после чего выпуск Skylark окончательно прекратился.

Fourth Generation (1968–1972)Edit

Buick Skylark (1968-1972)
Buick
aka
Production 1968-1972,
Class Mid-size Car
Body Style 2-Door Convertible2-Door Coupe4-Door Sedan
Designer Bill Mitchell and others at General Motors

In 1969, the Stage 1 was officially released (it had been a dealer-installed package in 1968), and in 1970, GM’s ban on engine size and lb/hp was rescinded and Buick went nuts with the GS455 and GS Stage 1. These two, along with the GS350, continued on through 1972.

The GSX also was introduced in 1970. Similar to GTO’s Judge, it came standard with the standard 455 and had the Stage 1 as an option. It was available in two colors — Saturn Yellow or Apollo White.

Starting in 1971, the GS became one package with the 350, 455, and Stage 1 as choices (rather than a separate GS350 and GS455). Likewise, the GSX was available with all three engines. Color choices for the GSX were increased as well.

First Generation (1953-1954)Edit

Buick Skylark (1953-1954)
Buick
aka
Production 1953-1954,
Class Luxury Convertible
Body Style 2-Door Convertible
Designer Harley Earl and others at General Motors

All 1,690 regular-production Skylarks built in 1953 (and all in 1954) were convertibles. The 1953s were based on the 2-door Roadmaster convertible, having identical dimensions (except height), almost identical convenience and appearance equipment, and a Roadmaster drive train. In 1953, the model designation for the Skylark was 76X, while the model designation for the Roadmaster convertible was 76R. The few options available to the Roadmaster convertible buyer were standard equipment to the Skylark buyer, albeit the base price for the well-equipped Roadmaster convertible was only about US$3,200.

The 1953 Skylark featured V8 power and a 12 volt electrical system, both a first for Buick, as well as full-cutout wheel openings, a styling cue that would make its way to the main 1954 Buick line. Also making its way into the 1954 Buick line was the cut-down door at the base of the side window line that bounced back up to trace around the rear window (or convertible top). This styling clue stayed with Buick for many years and can be found on any number of automobile brands to this day.

The 1953 Buick Skylark was a handmade car in many respects. The stampings for the hood, trunk lid and a portion of the convertible tub were the same as the 1953 Roadmaster convertible (and Super convertible, model 56R). The stampings for the front fenders, rear fenders, the outer doors, and a portion of the convertible tub were unique to the Skylark. All Skylark convertible tubs were finished with various amounts of lead filler. It is not unusual to find a substantial amount of lead filler just behind the doors near the bottom of the window line. The inner doors of the Skylark were made from the inner doors of the 2-door Roadmaster and Super by cutting the stamping in half approximately parallel with the ground and then welding the two pieces back together in a jig at an angle that produced the necessary door dip (see photos of finished car).

Although there were many unique design features of the 1953 Skylark, one that goes almost unnoticed today is that the top and seating of the car were lowered a few inches below the Roadmaster and Super convertibles. This was achieved not by changing the frame, body or suspension, but by cutting the windshield almost three inches shorter and lowering the side windows and convertible top frame. To accommodate people without bumping their heads with the top up, the seat frames and steering column were lowered.

The car was now based on the all-new shorter Century/Special chassis and not the top-of-the-line Roadmaster/Super chassis, also all-new for 1954. However, it did share the Roadmaster and Century powertrain, the highest output in the 1954 Buick model lineup. This powertrain was an evolutionary improvement, but very similar to the 1953 powertrain.

The model designation for the 1954 Buick Skylark was «100», a completely unique designation. The short wheelbase cars were the Buick Special: series 40, the Buick Century: series 60, and the Buick Skylark: series 100, albeit a series of just one model. All production Buick Skylarks were built as 2-door convertibles. They had the same luxury equipment as the 1953 Buick Skylarks.

Like their 1953 counterparts, the 1954 Skylark had a number of unique sheetmetal stampings, but without the hand labor that went into the 1953 Skylark production. In addition to unique front and rear fenders with the elongated wheel cutouts, the 1954 Skylark had a unique trunk with its semi-barrel shape and huge, rounded chrome fins. Interestingly, the hood was also unique to the 1954 Skylark in a small way. The hood ornament was quite different from all other Buick models for the 1954 model year. However, this same hood ornament, although unique in size to just this one model in 1954, was to portend the design of the 1955 Buick hood ornament used on all models of that year.

The cost of the Skylark, mixed with the public’s dislike for the restyle and its perceived step down in rank to the Special/Century series versus the 1953 rank with the Super/Roadmaster series resulted in poor sales and the car’s demise at the end of the 1954 model year.

Ссылки

Автомобили Buick, отделения корпорации General Motors производимые в США в 1940—1970 гг. далее
Класс 1940-е 1950-е 1960-е 1970-е
6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Субкомпактные Skyhawk
Компактные Special Apollo
Skylark Skylark
Среднеразмерные Special Special Century Century
Skylark Skylark Regal Regal
Полноразмерные Special Special Special Special LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre
Century Century Invicta Invicta Wildcat Centurion
Super Super Super Super Wildcat
Roadmaster Roadmaster Roadmaster Roadmaster Electra Electra Electra Electra Electra
Универсалы Estate Estate Estate
Персональные Skylark Limited Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera
ранее Автомобили Buick, отделения корпорации General Motors производимые в США
Класс 1980-е 1990-е 2000-е 2010-е
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Субкомпактные Skyhawk
Компактные Skyhawk
Somerset
Skylark Skylark Skylark Verano
Кабриолеты Cascada
Среднеразмерные Century Century Century Regal
Regal Regal Regal LaCrosse
Полноразмерные LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre Lucerne
Roadmaster
Electra Electra Park Avenue Park Avenue LaCrosse LaCrosse
Универсалы Estate Roadmaster Estate
Персональные Riviera Riviera Riviera
Компактные кроссоверы Encore
Среднеразмерные кроссоверы Rendezvous Envision
Полноразмерные кроссоверы Enclave
Внедорожники Rainier
Микроавтобусы Terraza
Спортивные Reatta

See alsoEdit

BUICK

Buick | Cadillac | Chevrolet | GMC | Holden | Hummer | Opel | Vauxhall | Daewoo

Current

Cars: LaCrosse/Allure · Lucerne · Regal · Verano

Chinese-market: Park Avenue · Royaum · Excelle · GL8 · HRV · Regal

Historic

Apollo · Centurion · Century · Eight · Electra · Estate Wagon · G-Series · Gran Sport · GSX · Invicta · LeSabre · Limited · Luxus · Rainier · Reatta · Rendezvous · Riviera · Roadmaster · Sail · Skyhawk · Skylark · Somerset · Special · Sport Wagon · Super · Terraza · GNX · Grand National

Concept

Y-Job · LeSabre · XP-300 · Wildcat I · Landau Concept · Wildcat II · Wildcat III · Centurion · Lido Concept · Skylark II · XP-75 · Flamingo · La Salle · Century Cruiser · Riviera Silver Arrow I · Riviera Silver Arrow II Concept · Riviera Silver Arrow III · Questor · Wildcat · Lucerne · Park Avenue Essence · Bolero · Sceptre · XP2000 · Signia · Cielo · LaCrosse · Blackhawk · Bengal · Centieme · Velite · Riviera · Invicta Concept · Business Hybrid Concept · Avant Concept · Regal GS Concept

A brand of General Motors

This article features content from the Wikipedia Buick Skylark page with these contributors

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