Buick special 1958

1936–1949

1936–1949

1939 Buick Special Four-Door Sedan

Overview
Model years 1936–1949
Assembly Buick City, Flint, MichiganSouth Gate Assembly, South Gate, California
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe2/4-door sedan4-door station wagon (1941–42 only)2/4-door convertible
Platform GM B platform
Related Cadillac Series 60Cadillac Series 61LaSalle Series 50Buick CenturyOldsmobile Series LOldsmobile Series 70Pontiac Streamliner TorpedoPontiac Streamliner
Powertrain
Engine 233 cu in (3.8 L) OHV I8248 cu in (4.1 L) OHV I8
Dimensions
Wheelbase 118–122 in (2,997–3,099 mm)

From 1936 to 1958, Buick’s Special model range represented the marque’s entry level full-size automobile. The ’36 was a very successful year for Buick and also marked the first time of using names rather than the simple serial numbers which had been in use before. The Special continued to also be known as the 40-series, however. The first Specials rode on a 118 in (3.0 m) wheelbase, but for the next model year this was increased to 122 in (3.10 m) as all Buicks grew for that year. The engine was also new, and was now of 248 cu in (4.1 L) rather than 233 cu in (3.8 L). The Special (and all other Buicks as well) underwent a full restyling for 1939, with a more enclosed nose and a wider grille. The wheelbase was also two inches shorter. For 1940, there was the usual restyle and the wheelbase increased by an inch. This was also the only model year that a four-door convertible Special («Sport Phaeton») was offered, although only 552 were built.

For 1941 the bodywork was again all new, with the front fenders now very closely integrated into the cars overall design. The Estate Wagon migrated from being a Super into the Special lineup. Also new was the 40-A series (the regular Special now being the 40-B), a version on a three inches shorter wheelbase which shared its body with the 1941 Chevrolet. These two series, with a restyle reminiscent of the 1939 Y-Job, continued into the abbreviated 1942 model year. Production ended on 4 February 1942. For 1946 only the larger Special range remained available, still using the prewar B-body. The 1946 Special is rare, representing less than two percent of Buick’s production that year. The Special continued with minor changes until the prewar body was finally replaced halfway through the 1949 model year. Post-war Specials were only available as a four-door sedan or a two-door «sedanet», until the new 1949 models arrived.

In the movie Mildred Pierce, Veda Pierce, Mildred’s daughter, played by actress Ann Blyth, was given a 1940 Buick Special convertible as a gift.

The movie Small Town Conspiracy features a 1939 Buick Special 8 that the main character of the film John Haleran (Zen Gesner) drives as his official police car. The car remained the property of director Ralph Clemente and was untouched for many years until sold to Florida restorer and car collector Axel Caravias.

1964–1969

1964–1969

1964 Buick Special

Overview
Production 1964–1969
Assembly Wilmington, Delaware, United StatesAtlanta, Georgia, United StatesKansas City, Kansas, United StatesFramingham, Massachusetts, United StatesFlint, Michigan, United StatesLinden, New Jersey, United States
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door hardtop coupe2-door coupe2-door convertible4-door station wagon4-door sedan
Platform A-body
Related Chevrolet ChevelleOldsmobile CutlassPontiac LeMansBuick Skylark
Powertrain
Engine 225 cu in (3.7 L) V6250 cu in (4.1 L) Inline 6300 cu in (4.9 L) V8340 cu in (5.6 L) V8
Transmission 4-speed manual2-speed automatic3-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 115 in (2,921 mm)

The Special, along with the upscale Skylark, were redesigned for the 1964 model year with separate body-on-frame construction—renamed the A-body—and marketed as an intermediate-sized car. The Skylark was expanded to a full top-line series that now included two- and four-door sedans, two-door hardtop coupe and convertible, along with a station wagon. The other series models included the base Special and the slightly fancier Special Deluxe, in a more limited range of bodystyles.

Also new for 1964 were engines. The capacity of the V6 engine was increased from 198 to 225 cubic inches, while the aluminum V8 was replaced by a new cast iron-block 300 cubic inch V8 with aluminum cylinder heads. In 1965, cast iron heads replaced the problematic aluminum ones. This reliable engine, produced until 1967, was based on the aluminum V8, and many parts (such as the cylinder heads) were interchangeable.

64 Buick Special Estate

The Special nameplate was used on lower-priced intermediate-sized Buicks through the 1969 model year.

1968 Buick Special Deluxe coupe

In 1968 and 1969, the Buick Special was dropped and only Special Deluxes were manufactured.

In 1970, the end of the Special came about when the Special Deluxe was dropped too in favor of the slightly upscale Buick Skylark.

1961–1963

1961–1963

1963 Buick Special Deluxe 4-Door Sedan

Overview
Production 1961–1963
Assembly South Gate, California, United StatesWilmington, Delaware, United StatesAtlanta, Georgia, United StatesKansas City, Kansas, United StatesFramingham, Massachusetts, United StatesFlint, Michigan, United StatesLinden, New Jersey, United States
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe2/4-door sedan4-door station wagon2-door convertible
Platform Y-body
Powertrain
Engine 198 cu in (3.2 L) V6215 cu in (3.5 L) V8
Transmission 3/4-speed manual2-speed automatic

In 1961, the car returned after a short absence of two years, but this time it was on the brand new unibody compact GM Y platform. The Special was powered by a 155 hp (116 kW) V8, and had Dualpath transmission and power steering. In mid-year a option was released with special trim, optional bucket seats and a four-barrel version of the 215 that made 185 hp (138 kW).

In 1962, the Special was the first American car to use a V6 engine in volume production; it earned Motor Trend‘s Car of the Year for 1962. This was engineered down from the 215 and used many of the same design parameters, but was cast in iron. Output was 135 hp (gross) at 4600 rpm and 205 lb⋅ft (278 N⋅m) at 2400 rpm. In their test that year, Road & Track was impressed with Buick’s «practical» new V6, saying it «sounds and performs exactly like the aluminum V8 in most respects.» In 1963, the Special’s body was restyled. Mechanically, however, the car was identical to the 1962 model. There was also some minor interior restyling, particularly to the dash and instrument cluster. The 1963 Special was available as a 2-door pillared hardtop coupe, a four dour sedan, a convertible, and a station wagon. Engine choices were a standard 198 cu in (3.2 l) V6 with a twin-barrel carburetor and optional 215 cu in (3.5 l) V8 with 155 hp (116 kW) (two-barrel) or more powerful four-barrel (190 hp (140 kW) in 1962, 200 hp (150 kW) in 1963). Transmission choices were a three speed manual transmission, a floor shift Borg-Warner T-10 four-speed manual, or a two-speed Turbine Driveautomatic. The two speed «Dual Path Turbine Drive» automatic was a Buick design and shared no common parts with the better known Chevrolet Power-Glide transmission.

The 1962 model sold 153,763, including 42,973 Skylarks.

The 1963 body was only produced for one year; it sold 148,750 copies, including 42,321 Skylarks. The entire car was redesigned for 1964. After that, the 215 found its way into the Rover P6 3500S in 1968, but was never sold in North America in any great numbers. It was also employed in other British cars, including the Morgan Plus 8, MG MGB GTV8, Land Rover, and Triumph TR8, as well as retrofits into MGAs and MGBs. The engine had really earned its stripes as being the sole engine powering the Range Rover for a couple decades and eventually finding its way into the original Series/Defender Land Rover; and several other Land Rover Models including the Discovery and the Forward Control.

The Skylark became a separate series for 1962.

Техническая составляющая

Седан растянулся в длину на 5 метров 182 миллиметра. Его ширина и высота равны 2 метрам 17 и 1 метру 623 миллиметрам соответственно. Параметр колесной базы исчисляется 3 метрами 86 миллиметрами.

Под капотом у него был установлен атмосферный силовой агрегат 4.1 литра. Его мощность составляется 117 сил, которые реализуются посредством трехступенчатой механической коробки на задние колеса.

Краткие данные:

Двигатель (объем указан в литрах) Мощность (в лошадиных силах) Тип КПП Предельная скорость (в километрах в час)
4.1 117 3МКП 140

Купе Бьюик Спешиал имеет несколько иные технические характеристики. Длина его кузова приравнивается к 5 метрам 230 миллиметрам, ширина и высота — 2 метрам 32 и 1 метру 623 миллиметрам.

Силовая установка также отличается. А именно, в движение автомобиль приводится движком 5.3 литра, выдающим 180 «лошадок».

Данные вкратце:

Двигатель (объем в литрах) Мощностной потенциал (лошадиные силы) Тип КПП Предельная скорость (километры в час)
5.3 180 3МКП 185

Стоит отметить, что все моторы имеют V-образную компоновку цилиндров и питаются бензиновым топливом.

Ссылки

Автомобили Buick, отделения корпорации General Motors производимые в США в 1940—1970 гг. далее →
Класс 1940-е 1950-е 1960-е 1970-е
6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Субкомпактные Skyhawk
Компактные Special Apollo
Skylark Skylark
Среднеразмерные Special Special Century Century
Skylark Skylark Regal Regal
Полноразмерные Special Special Special Special LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre
Century Century Invicta Invicta Wildcat Centurion
Super Super Super Super Wildcat
Roadmaster Roadmaster Roadmaster Roadmaster Electra Electra Electra Electra Electra
Универсалы Estate Estate Estate
Персональные Skylark Limited Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera
← ранее Автомобили Buick, отделения корпорации General Motors, производимые в США
Класс 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Особо малый Skyhawk
 Малый Skyhawk
Skylark Skylark Skylark Verano
Somerset
Century Century Century
Regal Regal Regal LaCrosse Regal Regal
Полноразмерные LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre Lucerne
Roadmaster
Electra Electra Park Avenue Park Avenue LaCrosse LaCrosse
Универсалы Estate Roadmaster Estate
Riviera Riviera Riviera
Спортивные Reatta
Кабриолеты Cascada
Компактные кроссоверы Encore
Envision
Среднеразмерные кроссоверы Rendezvous Enclave
Полноразмерные кроссоверы Enclave
SUV Rainier
Минивэн Terraza

References

  1. Gunnell, John (2004). Standard Catalog of Buick, 1903-2004 (3rd ed.). Iola, WI: Krause Publications, Inc. p. 44. ISBN 0-87349-760-0.
  2. , pp. 46-48
  3. Odin, L.C. World in Motion 1939, The whole of the year’s automobile production. Belvedere Publishing, 2015. ASIN: B00ZLN91ZG.
  4. , pp. 54-55
  5. , p. 59
  6. , p. 61
  7. , p. 64
  8. , pp. 66-67. 2,999 Specials were built (plus 1,500 stripped chassis for export), out of 158,728 Buicks in total for the model year.
  9. , p. 70
  10. , p. 73
  11. , p. 75
  12. , p. 85
  13. , p. 94
  14. Flory, J. «Kelly», Jr. American Cars 1946-1959 (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Coy, 2008), p.1021.
  15. Flory, J. «Kelly», Jr. American Cars 1960-1972 (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Coy, 2004), p.142.
  16. ^ Flory (2004), pp.143 & 205.
  17. Flory (2004), p.144.
  18. Flory (2004), p.207.

Buick, a marque of General Motors, automobile timeline, United States market, 1940s–1970s — next »

Type 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s
6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Subcompact Opel
Skyhawk
Compact Apollo
Skylark Skylark
Mid-size Special Special Century Century
Skylark Skylark Regal Regal
Full-size Special Special Special Special LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre
Century Century Invicta Invicta Wildcat Centurion
Super Super Super Super
Roadmaster Roadmaster Roadmaster Roadmaster Electra Electra Electra Electra Electra
Full-size station wagon Estate Estate Estate
Personal Skylark Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera

Тест-драйв

Монументализм — во всем

Buick Special Straight не может остаться незамеченным. Этот автомобиль привлекает своим представительным внешним видом, который сочетает в себе стремительность, а также роскошь. Эффектности облику придают массивные бамперы и решетка радиатора из алюминия, большая эмблема марки, колеса с белыми ободами.

Четкое распределение

Водительское пространство организовано достаточно грамотно. Приборный щиток интегрирован непосредственно в торпедо и неплохо читается за счет крупного шрифта. Управление светом, стеклоочистителями, а также радиоприемником расположено в центре, а селектор трансмиссии расположился на рулевой колонке.

Передний диван сделан трехместным. На нем комфортно, однако центральному седоку не за что держаться во время движения. Гостеприимен и диван второго ряда. Впрочем, выштамповки на дверных картах могли бы быть и более массивными…

Плавный ход

Четырехлитровый мотор прятно урчит на холостом ходу, а при наборе оборотов демонстрирует уверенную тягу, неплохую отзывчивость педали акселератора. Однако, растянутые передаточные числа коробки не дают ни единой шанса на то, чтобы резко ускориться.

Руль тугой, с выраженной обратной связью. Он располагает к степенной езде, но при этом дает возможность точно чувствовать положение передних колес. Мягкая подвеска создает сильную раскачку при проезде ухабов, зато дарит седокам высокую плавность хода, что создает предпосылки к дальним путешествиям.

Фото Buick Special Straight:

1949–1958

1949–1958

1952 Buick Special De Luxe 2-door Sedanette

Overview
Model years 1949–1958
Assembly South Gate, California, United StatesWilmington, Delaware, United StatesAtlanta, Georgia, United StatesKansas City, Kansas, United StatesFramingham, Massachusetts, United StatesFlint, Michigan, United StatesLinden, New Jersey, United States
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe2/4-door sedan4-door station wagon2-door convertible
Platform GM B platform
Related Oldsmobile 88Pontiac StreamlinerPontiac Chieftain
Powertrain
Engine 248 cu in (4.1 L) OHV I8263.3 cu in (4.3 L) Fireball OHV I8264 cu in (4.3 L) OHV V8322 cu in (5.3 L) OHV V8364 cu in (6.0 L) OHV V8
Dimensions
Wheelbase 121.5 in (3,086 mm) (1949–1953)122 in (3,099 mm) (1954–1958)

Halfway into the 1949 model year, the Specials received all-new bodywork, the first fully postwar design for the series. New was also the 40D-series, a better equipped version called the Special DeLuxe. The engine remained the 248 cu in (4.1 L) which had been used since 1937, but for 1951 this was replaced by the larger «Fireball» straight-eight. A two-door hardtop coupe was also new for 1951. The 1954 Specials had an all-new body and chassis, much wider and lower, and were now equipped with the all-new, more powerful «Nailhead» V8 engines.

Introduced in the middle of the 1955 model year the four-door Buick Special Riviera (along with the Century Riviera, the Oldsmobile 98 Holiday, and the 88 Holiday) were the first four-door pillarless hardtops ever produced. By then, the Buick Special was one of America’s best selling automotive series. For 1956 the larger 322 cu in (5.3 L) V8 engine was shared with the rest of the range, although it was replaced by the bigger, 250 hp (186 kW) 364 V8 for 1957. This year also brought all-new bodywork, as well as a four-door hardtop station wagon called the Buick Caballero. The 1957 wheelbase remained 122 inches. In the June, 1957 issue of Popular Mechanics, the Special was rated with a 0-60 mph time of 11.6 seconds, fuel economy of 17.4 mpg‑US (13.5 L/100 km; 20.9 mpg‑imp) at 50 mph (80 km/h), and ground clearance of 6.9 in (175 mm). 1958 brought the most chrome yet and twin headlights, as the car grew longer and wider, albeit on an unchanged chassis.

1949-1957 Buick Specials had three VentiPorts while more senior Buicks (with the partial exception of the Buick Super, which switched from three to four in 1955) had four. Earlier versions had a «» inspired character line alongside the body, while later versions had the «Sweepspear» moulding attached to the side of all models. GM renamed the Buick Special the LeSabre for the 1959 model year, taking the name from the 1951 Le Sabre concept car.

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