Бьюик центурион

Литература

  1. David Temple  в «Книгах Google»
  2. J. “KELLY” FLORY, JR. American Cars, 1960–1972 Every Model, Year by Year (англ.). — Jefferson, North Carolina, and London: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, 2004. — 944 p. — ISBN 978-0-7864-1273-0.
Автомобили Buick, отделения корпорации General Motors производимые в США в 1940—1970 гг. далее
Класс 1940-е 1950-е 1960-е 1970-е
6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Субкомпактные Skyhawk
Компактные Special Apollo
Skylark Skylark
Среднеразмерные Special Special Century Century
Skylark Skylark Regal Regal
Полноразмерные Special Special Special Special LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre
Century Century Invicta Invicta Wildcat Centurion
Super Super Super Super Wildcat
Roadmaster Roadmaster Roadmaster Roadmaster Electra Electra Electra Electra Electra
Универсалы Estate Estate Estate
Персональные Skylark Limited Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera

1971–1973

First seen on a concept car, the name Centurion was very similar to the name Century. Visually, the Centurion was nearly identical to the contemporaneous Buick LeSabre, featuring different badging and grillework, minimal chrome trim, and marked by an absence of the VentiPort usually found on full-size Buicks. Body styles included two-door and four-door hardtops, and a convertible. There were no pillared sedans. The two-door hardtop shared the same semi-fastback roofline with the LeSabre and other GM B-body cars, but had a distinctive and smaller rear window for a somewhat more formal look along with a standard vinyl roof.

1971

Replacing the Wildcat as the mid-line full-sized Buick positioned between the lower-priced LeSabre and the larger and more luxurious C-body Electra 225, the Centurion was promoted more as a mid-level luxury car than the Wildcat, which was marketed as a sporty/luxury performance car. The Centurion was offered initially with only the 455 in³ big-block V8 in two power output ranges determined by the presence of either a single or dual exhaust. The ’71 Centurion produced 315 hp (235 kW) @4400 rpm and 510 ft·lbf (690 N·m) of torque @2800 rpm with the base 455. The Centurion was also offered in the 455 Stage 1 and a Manual Trans configuration as well during the early portion of the 1971 model year. This was known as the A9 and B6 Option when ordering the car. What also separated the car from the LeSabre was that when the car would be ordered or recognized as a Centurion it would be branded as a 4P as the first two letters of the Vehicle Identification Number.

Interior trim was upgraded from LeSabres with a notchback bench seat including center armrest standard equipment along with more luxurious cloth-and-vinyl or all-vinyl upholstery.

In March 1971, the three-speed Turbo Hydra-matic transmission became standard on all Centurions as well as the lower-priced LeSabres. Variable-ratio power steering and power front disc brakes were standard equipment during the entire model year.

Total sales were 29,398, exceeding the Wildcat, by nearly 25%.

Buick, a marque of General Motors, automobile timeline, United States market, 1940s–1970s — next »

Type 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s
6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Subcompact Opel
Skyhawk
Compact Apollo
Skylark Skylark
Mid-size Special Special Century Century
Skylark Skylark Regal Regal
Full-size Special Special Special Special LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre LeSabre
Century Century Invicta Invicta Wildcat Centurion
Super Super Super Super
Roadmaster Roadmaster Roadmaster Roadmaster Electra Electra Electra Electra Electra
Full-size station wagon Estate Estate Estate
Personal Skylark Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera Riviera

1973

The 1973 Centurion featured a larger 5 mph (8.0 km/h) front bumper and new vertical grille shared with LeSabre models along with revised taillights. The two-door hardtop coupe no longer included a standard vinyl roof and the distinctive formal rear window was replaced by a backlight shared with LeSabre coupes.

Under the hood, the standard engine was downgraded to a four-barrel 350 V8 rated at 175 net horsepower. The 250-horsepower 455 four-barrel was now optional.

With the LeSabre convertible temporarily dropped after 1972 and the intermediate-sized Buick lineup (renamed from Skylark to Century for 1973) losing its droptop permanently after the 1972 model year, the Centurion was Buick’s only convertible offering in 1973. This would also be the final year for the Centurion series, which was replaced for 1974 by the new LeSabre Luxus, which included the convertible reinstated to that line for another two model years. GM would not see another Buick convertible until the Buick Riviera in 1982.

Total Centurion production was 110,539 units, including 10,296 convertibles. With only three years of production, the Centurion had one of the shortest model runs in modern Buick history.

1972

The 1972 Centurion featured minor appearance changes including a revised vertical bar grille and taillight lenses along with a 5 mph (8.0 km/h) front bumper a year ahead of federal mandates for such bumpers in 1971.

Under the hood, the standard and only available 455 cubic-inch V8 was rated at 250 net horsepower, which represented an «on-paper» decrease from the 315 gross horsepower rating in 1971. This was due to an industry-wide change in horsepower measurements from the gross method by a dynamometer outside a vehicle with no accessories installed to a SAE net method in which horsepower was measured as installed in a vehicle with accessories and emission controls hooked up. Turbo Hydra-matic transmission, variable ratio power steering and power front disc brakes were again standard equipment.

Sales climbed over 20%, to 36,165 for the model year.

Серийный автомобиль

1972 Buick Centurion Hardtop Sedan

В 1971 году все полноразмерные (full-size) автомобили Buick были обновлены. Вновь появившаяся модель Centurion стала больше и просторнее предшественника, и имела более выразительные формы кузова. Она оснащалась самым большим восьмицилиндровым двигателем рабочим объёмом 455 кубических дюймов (7,5 литров) и предлагалась с тремя типами кузовов: купе (Coupe), седан без центральных стоек (Hardtop Sedan) и кабриолет (Convertible).

Классический американский автомобиль Centurion имел кузов, установленный на раму, расположенный спереди двигатель, который приводил задний мост. Новая геометрия передней подвески и рулевого обеспечивали более точное управление автомобилем. Из новинок стоит, также, отметить передние дисковые тормоза.

Из года в год Centurion становился всё больше и больше, достигнув гигантского размера почти 5,7 метров в длину в последний год выпуска.

Двигатели и трансмиссия
Двигатель Мощность, л. с./обороты, об/мин Момент, Нм/обороты, об/мин Трансмиссия Годы Применяемость
V 230/4000 495/2600 Трёхступенчатая механическая или автоматическая (TH 400) 1971 Стандартно
255/4200 515/2800 Опция
225/4000 488/2600 Автоматическая (TH 400) 1972 Стандартно
260/4400 529/3000 Опция
V 175/3800 366/2400 Автоматическая (TH 375B) 1973 Стандартно
V 225/4000 488/2600 Автоматическая (TH 400) Опция
Производство
Год Изготовлено, шт.
Coupe Hardtop Sedan Convertible Всего
1971 11 892 15 345 2161 29 398
1972 14 187 19 582 2396 35 725
1973 16 883 22 354 5739 44 976

Серийный автомобиль

1972 Buick Centurion Hardtop Sedan

В 1971 году все полноразмерные (full-size) автомобили Buick были обновлены. Вновь появившаяся модель Centurion стала больше и просторнее предшественника, и имела более выразительные формы кузова. Она оснащалась самым большим восьмицилиндровым двигателем рабочим объёмом 455 кубических дюймов (7,5 литров) и предлагалась с тремя типами кузовов: купе (Coupe), седан без центральных стоек (Hardtop Sedan) и кабриолет (Convertible).

Классический американский автомобиль Centurion имел кузов, установленный на раму, расположенный спереди двигатель, который приводил задний мост. Новая геометрия передней подвески и рулевого обеспечивали более точное управление автомобилем. Из новинок стоит, также, отметить передние дисковые тормоза.

Из года в год Centurion становился всё больше и больше, достигнув гигантского размера почти 5,7 метров в длину в последний год выпуска.

Двигатели и трансмиссия
Двигатель Мощность, л. с./обороты, об/мин Момент, Нм/обороты, об/мин Трансмиссия Годы Применяемость
V 230/4000 495/2600 Трёхступенчатая механическая или автоматическая (TH 400) 1971 Стандартно
255/4200 515/2800 Опция
225/4000 488/2600 Автоматическая (TH 400) 1972 Стандартно
260/4400 529/3000 Опция
V 175/3800 366/2400 Автоматическая (TH 375B) 1973 Стандартно
V 225/4000 488/2600 Автоматическая (TH 400) Опция
Производство
Год Изготовлено, шт.
Coupe Hardtop Sedan Convertible Всего
1971 11 892 15 345 2161 29 398
1972 14 187 19 582 2396 35 725
1973 16 883 22 354 5739 44 976

1971–1973

First seen on a concept car, the Centurion was nearly identical to the contemporaneous Buick LeSabre, differing in badging and grillework, minimal chrome trim, and an absence of the found on other full-size Buicks. Body styles included two-door and four-door hardtops and a convertible. There were no pillared sedans. The two-door hardtop shared the handsome semi-fastback roofline with the LeSabre and other GM B-body cars (such as the Chevrolet Impala Sport Coupe and the Olds Delta 88) along with a standard vinyl roof.

1971

1971 convertible, rear view

Replacing the Wildcat as the mid-line full-sized Buick positioned between the lower-priced LeSabre and the larger and more luxurious C-body Electra 225, the Centurion was promoted more as a mid-level luxury car than the Wildcat, which was marketed as a sporty/luxury performance car. The Centurion was offered initially with only the 455 in³ big-block V8 in two power output ranges determined by the presence of either a single or dual exhaust. The ’71 Centurion produced 315 hp (235 kW) @4400 rpm and 510 lb⋅ft (690 N⋅m) of torque @2800 rpm with the base 455. The Centurion was also offered in the 455 Stage 1 and a Manual Trans configuration as well during the early portion of the 1971 model year. This was known as the A9 and B6 Option when ordering the car. What also separated the car from the LeSabre was that when the car would be ordered or recognized as a Centurion it would be branded as a 4P as the first two letters of the Vehicle Identification Number.

Interior trim was upgraded from LeSabres with a notchback bench seat including center armrest standard equipment along with more luxurious cloth-and-vinyl or all-vinyl upholstery.

In March 1971, the three-speed Turbo Hydra-matic transmission became standard on all Centurions as well as the lower-priced LeSabres. Variable-ratio power steering and power front disc brakes were standard equipment during the entire model year.

Total sales were 29,398, exceeding the Wildcat, by nearly 25%.

1972

1973 convertible owned by the Royal house of Denmark, used by Henrik, Prince Consort

The 1972 Centurion featured minor appearance changes including a revised vertical bar grille and taillight lenses.

Under the hood, the standard and only available 455 cubic-inch V8 was rated at 250 net horsepower, which represented an «on-paper» decrease from the 315 gross horsepower rating in 1971. This was due to an industry-wide change in horsepower measurements from the gross method by a dynamometer outside a vehicle with no accessories installed to a SAE net method in which horsepower was measured as installed in a vehicle with accessories and emission controls hooked up. Turbo Hydra-matic transmission, variable ratio power steering and power front disc brakes were again standard equipment.

Sales climbed over 20%, to 36,165 for the model year.

1973

1973 convertible

The 1973 Centurion featured a larger 5 mph (8.0 km/h) front bumper and new vertical grille shared with LeSabre models along with revised taillights. The two-door hardtop coupe no longer included a standard vinyl roof and the distinctive formal rear window was replaced by a backlight shared with LeSabre coupes.

Under the hood, the standard engine was downgraded to a four-barrel 350 V8 rated at 175 net horsepower. The 250-horsepower 455 four-barrel was now optional.

With the LeSabre convertible temporarily dropped after 1972 and the intermediate-sized Buick lineup (renamed from Skylark to Century for 1973) losing its droptop permanently after the 1972 model year, the Centurion was Buick’s only convertible offering in 1973. This would also be the final year for the Centurion series, which was replaced for 1974 by the new LeSabre Luxus, which included the convertible reinstated to that line for another two model years. GM would not see another Buick convertible until the Buick Riviera in 1982.

Total Centurion production was 110,539 units, including 10,296 convertibles. With only three years of production, the Centurion had one of the shortest model runs in modern Buick history.

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